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Benjamin Banneker Time Line

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Benjamin Banneker Time Line

Archaeology Timeline

Year
Event that Occurred
1737
Robert & Mary Bannaky purchase 100 acres of land known as Stout
1737
Occupation Range of the Bannaky to Family at site numbered 18BA282 1806 (representing its exact location on State topographic maps)
1983
Archaeological Survey by Robert J. Hurry and Wayne Clark, and preliminary excavations recovering 39 Lots, about 578 Artifacts - Program costing over $72,000 dollars, with Project oversight by Richard Hughes, Maryland Historical Trust
1985
Field Season begins under Archaeologist, Kristen Peters
1985
Final Project and Public Interpretation report by Elizabeth Cole & excavations concluding on 4/27/87, recovering a total of 17, 575 Artifacts - Site covered over with plastic and soil for future generations of archaeological study.
1986
Field Seasons continue under Robert]. Hurry Public Education Programs begin including an Open House, Lecture Series, Slide Presentation, & Volunteer Program. Close to 200 Volunteers, 1,000 hours of service, were involved.
1992
Publication of the archaeological investigative report, "Prehistoric & Historic Evidence of use in the Patapsco River Drainage, Baltimore County Maryland," by Elizabeth Anderson Comer, in the area by the Bannaky House, 18BA283.
2002
Publication of 11aryland Historical Trust's The Discovery & Archeology Investigation The Benjamin Banneker Homestead" by Robert J. Hurry. Available in the Banneker Museum's North Star Bookstore.

Features 10 & 22
Feature 10 [in Area 1A (N210-N350, W400- WSW)] was interpreted as a filled cellar and site of the original Robert & Mary Bannaky Family dwelling built in the 1730's. Feature 10 revealed thirty separate layers with evidence of a hearth existing on the East side. Domestic artifacts included a copper Thimble, dating 1760-1780; 5,031 Ceramic sherds, representing 24 types of Ceramics; & the shoulder, neck, and base of an 18th Century Wine Bottle. Other Banneker period artifacts include a Jaw Harp, unearthed 9/20/85; a large Iron Hook; a Bone & Iron Knife handle (from Layer 23); & Oyster shells, possibly indicative of 'Wild species in Banneker's diet. Also recovered were 758 Kaolin Tobacco pipe fragments, with an average date of 1755.

Feature 22
[in Area 1B (N1SO-N210, W400- WS1O)] is a site for continued investigation and excavation. The Feature revealed a 14x16 Stone Foundation believed to be the later dwelling of Benjamin Banneker himself, constructed in the 2nd half of the Eighteenth Century. It revealed architectural artifacts such as machine and hand-wrought (pre-1790) Iron Nails (totaling 2,039 for the entire Homestead). There was also a possible entry way along the East wall & Key artifacts were uncovered, only 12 inches, a Foot & half, into the Feature. These include an Optical lens (3.3 cm diameter) on 1/24/87; a Quartz, Late Archaic, Piscatorial projectile point on 11/16/85; as well as, many Slate Pencil fragments & Gear and Dark Lead-Glazed Earthenware sherds which are hard to date with accuracy.

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